In the Chelyabinsk Region, the Bolshoi Kamennaya River runs between Bolshoy and Sredniy Tangai. This large stone placer, reminiscent of a river stream, is a natural wonder that appeared during the last ice age. The deposit of quartzite boulders, lying at a depth of 3-4 m, reaches 5-6 km in length and 100-200 m in width. There are 300 boulders covered with lichens scattered over a XNUMX-meter area.
The Kurum stream consists mainly of quartzites, or rather, its variety of aventurine. The blocks are painted in different colors - white, pink, cherry, green. Aventurine contains small particles of mica, so after processing the stones acquire a characteristic shine. The mass of boulders reaches 10-20 tons.
The unique aventurine deposit attracts tourists with its scale and beauty of the stones. Rare ancient pines grow in this place. No other vegetation was seen in these parts. Streams flow under the stone layers, so here you can hear the sound of flowing water. Every year the stream of boulders slides down 2-3 cm. Similar heaps are found only in India, they are not found in any other place on the planet.
The natural phenomenon, presumably, was formed during the descent of a glacier from the nearby mountain ranges. As a result of frosty weathering, quartzites acquired the shape of boulders and formed a curum stream. However, the exact reason for the origin of kurum has not been established. But at the same time it is precisely established that the stone river has been living for millions of years.
In the 19th century, two blocks weighing 12 tons were taken away from here. At first, they were transported to Yekaterinburg and sent to a lapidary factory for processing. Craftsmen made vases from them one and a half meters high and weighing 4 tons. After several years of work on the vases, they were taken to St. Petersburg. For six years they stood in the Emperor's storeroom, then one of them was moved to the Hermitage.
Kurum is located northeast of Kialim. The stone river stretches from the Valley of Fairy Tales to the southern peak of Bolshoy Taganai, Dvukhglavaya Sopka, then reaches the Bolshaya Tesma River. On the site of the destroyed power line, which stretches from Karabash to Zlatoust, the river has a flat surface. The work on leveling the road was carried out by German prisoners of war, setting fire to firewood on the stones and forcing them to disintegrate into small pieces.
We offer the development of a route to the Stone Rivers in the Southern Urals. The Taganay National Park can be reached by car.